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Greenpeace and Engineering Center UI presents blueprint of AN ENERGY REVOLUTION IN INDONESIA : LOW CARBON, ELECTRICITY FOR ALL

Greenpeace and Engineering Center University of Indonesia today presented a path-breaking report ‘Energy (R)evolution – A Sustainable Indonesia Energy Outlook’ on board its flagship, SV Rainbow Warrior in Jakarta harbour, and called upon the Indonesian government to embrace a low carbon, fossil-fuel free alternative for the development of its energy sector prescribed in the report, ahead of the United Nations Climate change conference in Bali. According to the report more than 60% of electricity will be produced from renewable energy sources by 2050 making Indonesia less depend on fossil fuel imports and fluctuating world energy market prices. The Energy [R]evolution scenario not only complies with global CO2 reduction targets but also helps to relieve the economic pressure on society. Increasing energy efficiency and shifting energy supply to renewable energy resources will reduce the long term costs for electricity supply by nearly 30% compared to the Reference Scenario.

The report co-authored by Greenpeace, Engineering Center University of Indonesia and European Renewable Energy Council offers a combination of renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency as a clean, cost-effective to ensure energy security that will have almost no impact on climate system and independent from global market fluctuations in fossil and nuclear fuels. By doing this Greenpeace believes that Indonesia would not only save money but also cut CO2 emissions from the electricity sector in half by 2030.

“Indonesia is already a net oil importer as national production steadily declines. Natural gas production is now following oil into decline. It is therefore high time to look closely at the sustainability of national energy supply whilst improving the use of energy alternatives which are more environmentally friendly.” said Emmy Hafild, Executive Director of Greenpeace Southeast Asia. “Instead of developing false solutions like the nuclear energy or the mythical clean coal technologies, Indonesia should tap into its massive renewable energy potential.” She added.

To achieve the political objective of reducing Indonesia’s dependence on oil for generating electricity, whilst simultaneously raising the household electrification level, the further development of renewable energy resources is becoming increasingly important. Within that context, the use of geothermal energy for generating electricity is receiving special attention. The promotion of renewable energy sources via the legal framework falls primarily within the sphere of responsibility of Indonesia’s Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR).

“It is imperative that MEMR urgently creates a clear policy on investment and funding schemes in order to kick start a renewable energy industry, reforming the regulatory framework will naturally boost the utilisation of renewable energy in households, industry and electricity generation,” said Sven Teske, Renewable Energy expert from Greenpeace International and co-author of the study. “Indonesia could build up a large renewable energy industry with many new and sustainable jobs. There are no technical but political barriers to make this happened. The increased use of renewables will increase Indonesia´s security of supply for many generations to come.

“The Government should encourage the use of small-scale electricity power generation using local renewable energy sources. Human resources development through education and training and knowledge and technology transfer are a must while increasing infrastructure and supporting industries related to the development of the renewable energy sector.” said Bayu Indrawan from Engineering Center University of Indonesia.

 

Greenpeace demands:

• Phase out all subsidies for fossil and nuclear energy and internalize external costs

• Establish legally binding targets for renewable energy

• Provide defined and stable returns for investors

• Guarantee priority access to the grid for renewable power generators

• Strict efficiency standards for all energy consuming appliances, buildings and vehicles

 

Energy Revolution - A SustainableIndonesia Energy Outlook

Author : Bayu Indrawan, Sven Teske, Sonki Prasetya

download the indonesia energy revolution scenario

(PDF document, 4.7MB)

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