Friday, February 23, 2018
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Mining, Energy and Power

What is Peak Oil ???

Oil is a finite, non-renewable resource, one that has powered enormous economic and population growth over the last century and a half. The world has become addicted to oil. In just 8 years, it’s projected the world will be consuming nearly 50,000 gallons of oil every second. It has been said that for every nine barrels of oil we consume, we are recovering only one. We’re using up oil at breakneck speed. It has been challenging to keep up with the rate of demand.

Peak oil is the label for this problem of energy resource depletion or the peak in global oil production. Exploration and discovery is becoming more expensive as we go further out into unknown and untouched areas. Oil reserves to tap in the state of emergency have been opened up for use. OPEC member governments supplied only approximate amounts. The International Energy Agency (IEA) even admitted to knowing about some of OPEC’s members not revealing accurate amounts of oil stored in reserve. The global impact on oil prices is staggering. The world economy and the strength of the dollar are directly related to oil supplies and cost.

How can the output be increased to meet the demand? OPEC claims they will (to 20million barrels per day), but it’s been found that OPEC Middle East oil nations, even Saudi Arabia, are pumping oil from fields known to be post-production. OPEC is relying on what is called “Peak Oil” when they claim this increased production of 20 million barrels of crude oil per day. While most of the world idly stand by, investors are beginning to catch on to what’s happening in the oil and gas industry on the global scale. While the energy crisis is beginning to make its way into the news media limelight, just a few are aware of the true scope and magnitude of this crisis. Other alternatives are being studied while exploration is still being done accompanied with economical ways to recover the new discoveries.

The rate of oil production (extraction and refining) currently is about 84 million barrels per day. Once we have used up about half of the original reserves, oil production stops growing and begins a terminal decline, hence ‘peak’. The peak in oil production does not signify running out of oil, but it does mean the end of cheap oil. For economies leveraged on an ever increasing quantity of cheap oil, the consequences seem inevitable.

Oil companies like Triple Diamond Energy Corporation have, of course, extracted the easier-to-reach, cheaper oil first. The oil pumped first, near the surface, is light and ’sweet’ with a low sulfur content and therefore easy to refine. Naturally these fields are worked on before the rest until final depletion determined when it takes the energy of a barrel of oil to extract a barrel of oil.


Lets Do Energy Efficient Before Choosing An Alternative Energy Solution

Today solar systems are cheaper, better made and designed with the aesthetics of the building in mind. Along with solar being much more pleasing to the eye, it is also more pleasing to the wallet. Federal, State and Local incentives, along with personal tax breaks make the purchase and installation of a photovoltaic power system, and solar powered water heaters very affordable. In some areas it is also very feasible to install a small to medium sized wind generator to supplement the home’s power needs.A photovoltaic system (PV) may not be the complete answer when it comes to power, depending on where you live. It may only give you supplemental power due to light availability. But the combination of PV and wind where available should make a very nice power package for most every lifestyle.

The initial cost can be daunting for any alternative energy solution. Solar or wind are both expensive to start, and take a bit of time to repay. But people don’t seem to consider the long term effects. You have now given your home its own power supply. For most people, having your own source of power on a home you are considering buying, is probably a little more moving than a great bed of petunias. Today, people know that their homes are their biggest investments, they also know that a large portion of their bills are going to be in their utilities. The more you can make your home self reliant for power and also more energy efficient, the better it is for your bank account.

Also a lot of people think that alternative power is expensive because they price the size of their PV system based on their current useage. Many people don’t realize that their current useage is probably way more than what they actually need. To get an accurate idea of how much PV system is actually needed a person should first make sure that their home is as energy efficient as possible. Make your home energy efficient before considering alternative energy.

Low Cost Energy Efficient Actions:

  • Install low flow showerheads and sink aerators to reduce hot water use.
  • Seal and weatherstrip your windows and doors Install a water tank insulation wrap. They are very cheap and keep the water tank insulated
  • Check your windows. Old windows may save you from replacement, but that savings is offset by what you lose in money each month trying to heat/cool a house with leaky windows
  • Use ENERGY STAR appliances.
  • Fluorescent lights use much less energy than standard incandescents

No Cost Energy Efficient Actions:

  • Turn off everything not in use. Lights, tv’s radios.
  • Check Furnace or AC filter each month.
  • Clean and replace as needed during hot months,
  • keep window coverings closed on the south, east and west windows. In winter, let sun in
  • Glass fireplace doors help stop heat from being lost up the chimney.
  • Activate ’sleep’ features on computers and office equipment to power down when not in use.
  • When cooking, keep the lids on pots. Microwaves are more efficient than ovens. Use when possible.
  • Dress for the weather. Its cheaper to put another blanket on the bed than to turn the ac up
  • About 15 percent of the average home utility bill is the water heater.
  • Take shorter showers and only wash full loads of clothes.
  • Lower the temp of your waterheater.
  • Only heat rooms you need. Close vents and doors on unused rooms.

Once your home is energy efficient, and you trim down your usage, then you will really see what your actual power usage is and most likely see that the alternative energy solution for your home doesn’t need to be quite as large or expensive as you first thought.


Greenpeace and Engineering Center UI presents blueprint of AN ENERGY REVOLUTION IN INDONESIA : LOW CARBON, ELECTRICITY FOR ALL

Greenpeace and Engineering Center University of Indonesia today presented a path-breaking report ‘Energy (R)evolution – A Sustainable Indonesia Energy Outlook’ on board its flagship, SV Rainbow Warrior in Jakarta harbour, and called upon the Indonesian government to embrace a low carbon, fossil-fuel free alternative for the development of its energy sector prescribed in the report, ahead of the United Nations Climate change conference in Bali. According to the report more than 60% of electricity will be produced from renewable energy sources by 2050 making Indonesia less depend on fossil fuel imports and fluctuating world energy market prices. The Energy [R]evolution scenario not only complies with global CO2 reduction targets but also helps to relieve the economic pressure on society. Increasing energy efficiency and shifting energy supply to renewable energy resources will reduce the long term costs for electricity supply by nearly 30% compared to the Reference Scenario.

The report co-authored by Greenpeace, Engineering Center University of Indonesia and European Renewable Energy Council offers a combination of renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency as a clean, cost-effective to ensure energy security that will have almost no impact on climate system and independent from global market fluctuations in fossil and nuclear fuels. By doing this Greenpeace believes that Indonesia would not only save money but also cut CO2 emissions from the electricity sector in half by 2030.

“Indonesia is already a net oil importer as national production steadily declines. Natural gas production is now following oil into decline. It is therefore high time to look closely at the sustainability of national energy supply whilst improving the use of energy alternatives which are more environmentally friendly.” said Emmy Hafild, Executive Director of Greenpeace Southeast Asia. “Instead of developing false solutions like the nuclear energy or the mythical clean coal technologies, Indonesia should tap into its massive renewable energy potential.” She added.

To achieve the political objective of reducing Indonesia’s dependence on oil for generating electricity, whilst simultaneously raising the household electrification level, the further development of renewable energy resources is becoming increasingly important. Within that context, the use of geothermal energy for generating electricity is receiving special attention. The promotion of renewable energy sources via the legal framework falls primarily within the sphere of responsibility of Indonesia’s Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR).

“It is imperative that MEMR urgently creates a clear policy on investment and funding schemes in order to kick start a renewable energy industry, reforming the regulatory framework will naturally boost the utilisation of renewable energy in households, industry and electricity generation,” said Sven Teske, Renewable Energy expert from Greenpeace International and co-author of the study. “Indonesia could build up a large renewable energy industry with many new and sustainable jobs. There are no technical but political barriers to make this happened. The increased use of renewables will increase Indonesia´s security of supply for many generations to come.

“The Government should encourage the use of small-scale electricity power generation using local renewable energy sources. Human resources development through education and training and knowledge and technology transfer are a must while increasing infrastructure and supporting industries related to the development of the renewable energy sector.” said Bayu Indrawan from Engineering Center University of Indonesia.


Greenpeace demands:

• Phase out all subsidies for fossil and nuclear energy and internalize external costs

• Establish legally binding targets for renewable energy

• Provide defined and stable returns for investors

• Guarantee priority access to the grid for renewable power generators

• Strict efficiency standards for all energy consuming appliances, buildings and vehicles


Energy Revolution - A SustainableIndonesia Energy Outlook

Author : Bayu Indrawan, Sven Teske, Sonki Prasetya

download the indonesia energy revolution scenario

(PDF document, 4.7MB)


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